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The Essential Guide to Prostate Health.

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Prostate Diseases

People suffer for different reasons that are responsible for other problems. The prostate gland is subtly located inside the male reproductive system. It is an essential but frequently disregarded aspect of men’s health. Though modest in stature, this walnut-shaped organ profoundly impacts many different body functions. 


What is the definition of the prostate gland? 

In men and those assigned male at birth, the prostate is a gland in front of the rectum and underneath the bladder. It is made up of epithelial tissues and connective tissues. It is a muscle aid in punching semen through your urethra and adding fluid to semen. Prostate-related illnesses include benign prostatic hyperplasia, prostatitis and malignancy. Sometimes, there are chances of prostate cancer, for which the best urologist in Ludhiana suggested the treatment plans and the primary treatment for prostate cancer is surgery.


What is the role of the Prostate gland? 

The prostate gland affects male fertility in several ways. 

  • Secretion of Prostatic Fluid: A substantial amount of the fluid that constitutes semen is produced by the prostate gland. Rich in nutrition, minerals, and enzymes, this prostatic fluid feeds and shields sperm during their passage through the reproductive system.
  • Alkalinity Regulation: Prostatic fluid contributes to the slightly alkaline pH balance of semen. Because it balances the acidic environment of the female reproductive tract and creates an environment more conducive to sperm motility and fertilization, this alkaline environment is critical for sperm survival.
  • Production of prostaglandins: The prostate gland secretes prostaglandins, hormone-like chemicals involved in inflammation and smooth muscle contraction, among other psychological activities. 
  • Semen Volume: During sexual activity, the prostate gland contributes to the total amount of semen ejaculated. The majority of the fluid in semen is produced by accessory glands like the prostate gland, even if sperm are created in the testes.
  • Sperm Activation and Capacitation: Prostatic fluid contains chemicals that aid in the activation and capacitation of sperm, hence facilitating their preparation for fertilization. 


What are the signs and symptoms of prostate problems? 

Common signs and symptoms of prostate problems can vary depending on the specific condition but may include:


Urinary Changes:

  • Increased frequency of urination, especially at night
  • Difficulty starting urination
  • Weak urine stream or interrupted flow


Urinary urgency

  • Inability to empty the bladder completely


Pain or Discomfort:

  • Pain or burning sensation during urination
  • Pain or discomfort in the pelvic area, lower abdomen, or lower back
  • Painful ejaculation


Erectile Dysfunction:

  • Difficulty achieving or maintaining an erection



  • The presence of blood in the urine



  • Presence of blood in semen


Urinary Tract Infections:

  • Recurrent urinary tract infections


Urinary Retention:

  • Inability to urinate


Prostate Enlargement (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, BPH):

  • The sensation of a complete or bloated bladder, even after urination
  • Dribbling at the end of urination


Prostate Cancer:

  • Often asymptomatic in its early stages
  • Symptoms may include urinary changes, erectile dysfunction, blood in the urine or semen, bone pain, and weight loss


Prostatitis (Inflammation of the Prostate):

  • Fever and chills
  • Pain or discomfort in the genital area, lower back, or pelvic region
  • Painful ejaculation
  • Flu-like symptoms


For treating prostate issues, contact the RG Stone Urology & Laparoscopy Hospital for appropriate treatment. In this era, kidney problems, especially kidney stones, are also common for different reasons, and kidney stone surgery in Ludhiana is available at our hospital. 

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