The kidney is an important part of the human body that filters waste from the body. An unhealthy diet plan and poor living can cause different types of kidney-related problems. The best urologist in Ludhiana is known for treating chronic kidney diseases.
What are chronic kidney diseases?
Chronic kidney disease, also called chronic kidney failure, involves a gradual loss of kidney function. Your kidneys filter wastes and excess fluids from your blood, which are then removed in your urine. Advanced chronic kidney disease can cause dangerous levels of fluid, electrolytes and wastes to build up in your body.
What are the causes of chronic kidney diseases?
There are different causes of chronic kidney diseases. Diabetes and high blood pressure are the most common causes of chronic kidney diseases.
- Diabetes: Too much glucose, also called sugar, in your blood damages your kidneys’ filters. Over time, your kidneys can become so damaged that they no longer do a good job filtering wastes and extra fluid from your blood. The first sign of kidney-related issues from diabetes is protein in your urine. The filters are damaged, and you need a protein called albumin to stay healthy. Diabetic kidney disease is the medical term for kidney disease caused by diabetes.
- High blood pressure: High blood pressure can damage blood vessels in the kidneys, so they don’t work either. If the blood vessels in your kidneys are damaged, your kidneys may not work as well to remove wastes and extra fluid from your body. Excess fluid in the blood vessels may increase blood pressure, creating a dangerous cycle.
Other factors that cause chronic kidney diseases.
Some other factors that can cause kidney-related problems are:
- A genetic disorder that causes many cysts to grow in the kidneys
- an infection
- A drug that is toxic to the kidneys
- A disease that affects the entire body, such as diabetes or lupus, is an NIH external link. Lupus nephritis is the medical name for kidney disease caused by lupus.
- IgA glomerulonephritis
- Disorders in which the body’s immune system attacks its cells and organs, such as Anti-GBM disease
- heavy metal poisoning, such as lead poisoning NIH external link
- rare genetic conditions, such as Alport syndrome NIH external link
- hemolytic uremic syndrome in children
- IgA vasculitis
- renal artery stenosis
Treatment for chronic kidney diseases.
High blood pressure medications can initially decrease kidney function and change electrolyte levels, so you might need frequent blood tests to monitor your condition. Your doctor may also recommend a water pill and a low-salt diet.
- Medications to relieve swelling: People with chronic kidney disease often retain fluids. This can lead to swelling in the legs and high blood pressure. Medications called diuretics can help maintain the balance of fluids in your body.
- Medications to treat anemia: Erythropoietin, sometimes with added iron, helps produce more red blood cells. This might relieve fatigue and weakness associated with anemia.
- Dialysis: Dialysis artificially removes waste products and extra fluid from your blood when your kidneys can no longer do this. In hemodialysis, a machine filters waste and excess fluids from your blood.
- Kidney transplant: A kidney transplant involves surgically placing a healthy kidney from a donor into your body. Transplanted kidneys can come from deceased or living donors.
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